G-J

General Permitted Development Order – Sets out classes of development for which a grant of planning permission is automatically given, provided that no restrictive condition is attached or that the development is exempt from the permitted development rights.

Geodiversity – The range of rocks, minerals, fossils, soils and landforms.

Geographical Information System (GIS) – A system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage, and present all types of geographical data

Green Belt – Land around cities and large built-up areas left permanently open or largely undeveloped. The main purpose of green belt policy is to protect the land from urban sprawl.

Greenfield – Land that is undeveloped i.e. land that has never been built on or where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape over time.

Green Infrastructure – A network of multi-functional green space, urban and rural, which is capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities.


Heritage Asset – A building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage interest. Heritage asset includes designated heritage assets and assets identified by the local planning authority (including local listing).

Heritage Coast – Areas of undeveloped coastline which are managed to conserve their natural beauty, facilitate their enjoyment, understanding and appreciation by the public, and to maintain and improve the environmental health of inshore waters affecting the wider area within the boundary.

Highways Agency – An Executive Agency of the Department for Transport responsible for operating, maintaining and improving the strategic road network in England on behalf of the Secretary of State for Transport.



Inclusive Design – Designing the built environment, including buildings and their surrounding spaces, to ensure that they can be accessed and used by everyone.

International, National and Locally Designated Sites of Importance for Biodiversity – All international sites (Special Areas of Conservation, Special Protection Areas, and Ramsar sites), national sites (Sites of Special Scientific Interest) and locally designated sites including Local Wildlife Sites


Joint Nature Conservancy Council (JNCC) – The public body that advises the UK Government on UK-wide and international nature conservation.

Journal of Planning and Environment Law – Published monthly, providing a guide to recent and forthcoming developments in planning law, environmental law, compulsory purchase and related areas.