Decentralised Energy – Local renewable energy and local low-carbon energy usually but not always on a relatively small scale.

Department for Communities and Local Government – Government department responsible for building regulations, housing, planning and urban regeneration. Work to move decision making power from central government to local councils.

Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) – Government department responsible for policy and regulations on the environment, food and rural affairs.

Design and Access Statement (DAS) – A short report accompanying a planning application that explains the design principles and concepts that have been applied to the amount, layout, scale, landscaping and appearance of the project.

Designated Heritage Asset – A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Monument, Listed Building, Protected Wreck Site, Registered Park and Garden, Registered Battlefield or Conservation Area designated under the relevant legislation.

Development Management – Process through which local government regulates land use and new buildings.

Development Management Committee – Group of elected officials (Councillors) that decide on applications for planning permission and other development control issues in accordance with the Local Plan.

Development Management Officer – Works for the local planning authority processing planning applications and making recommendations to the Development Management Committee.

Development Plan – Legal document that sets out what can be built and where. It can include adopted Local Plans, neighbourhood plans and other strategic documents.

Ecological Network – This improves the way wild places link up and allows species to move and disperse. It enhances the resilience of the landscape and increases the chance of plants and animals adapting to changing conditions.

England Rural Development Programme (ERDP) – A scheme to support farmers and foresters to deliver environmentally beneficial land management practices, which are not always supported by the market.

Ecosystem Services – The benefits people obtain from ecosystems such as, food, water, flood and disease control and recreation.

English Heritage – An executive Nondepartmental Public Body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. Officially known as the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, they are the government’s statutory adviser on the historic environment.

Environment Agency (EA) – An Executive Nondepartmental Public Body responsible to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Principle aims are to protect and improve the environment, and to promote sustainable development.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) – A formal process to assess the possible positive and/or negative impact of certain types of proposed projects on the environment. The European Union has established a mix of mandatory and discretionary procedures to assess environmental impacts known as the EIA Directive.

Environmental Statement (ES) – The written report resulting from an EIA that is submitted in conjunction with a planning application. It should include an evaluation of consultations, data collection and environmental surveys and identify the possible effects of a proposed project on the environment as well as propose mitigation measures to minimise impact and to protect, conserve and enhance biodiversity.

Environmental Stewardship – A mechanism by which landowners can be incentivised to deliver effective environmental management of their land. Currently England operates Entry Level Stewardship, Organic Entry Level Stewardship, Uplands Entry Level Stewardship and Higher Level Stewardship all administered by Natural England.

European Site – Includes candidate Special Areas of Conservation, Sites of Community Importance, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas. Defined in the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010.

Examination in Public (EiP) – A means of reviewing the development plan proposals of LPA’s. An independent inspector assesses whether the plan has been prepared in accordance with the Duty to Cooperate, legal and procedural requirements, and whether it is sound i.e. positively prepared, justified, effective and consistent with national policy.

Farming and Wildlife Advisory Group (FWAG) – A national organisation that aimed to provide landowners with practical advice on methods to support wildlife, landscape, archaeology, access and other conservation issues as part of a viable farm business. A new FWAG Association was launched in December 2012.

Flood Risk Assessment – A document submitted with a planning application that outlines the risk of flooding caused by or to a development and proposes mitigation plans.

Forestry Commission (FC) – A non-ministerial government department responsible for protecting and expanding Britain’s forests and woodlands, and increasing their value to society and the environment.

Full Application (FUL) – A detailed planning application for development.