Climate change is the biggest global challenge we face. Impacts from a changing climate will be felt across all aspects of our daily lives.
There is overwhelming consensus from global and national organisations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Climate Change Committee and the Met Office’s UK Climate Projections that we need to cut our greenhouse gas emissions urgently and we need to adapt to the climate change that is already ‘locked in’.
Temperatures need to stay within 1.5˚C by the end of the century if we are to avoid some of the worst impacts of a warming world with hotter dryer summers, warmer wetter winters and more intense and frequent rainfall. Current polices mean we are likely to face between a 2 and 4˚C rise.
The natural world is already facing an ecological emergency with threats from pollution, land use change and other human pressures. Climate change will exacerbate and increase the frequency of threats and risks to already vulnerable landscapes and ecosystems.
These changes are already being felt in the natural world. The State of Nature Report 2019 points out that ‘many species, including birds, butterflies, moths and dragonflies, have moved north over the last four decades. Shifts for these groups averaged 23km per decade between the 1970s and 1990s, and 18km per decade between the 1990s and the mid-2000s.’
Craig Bennett, the Chief Executive of The Wildlife Trusts, recently noted that the ‘Climate and ecological emergencies are inextricably linked’, and this puts Wildlife Trusts at the forefront of action to tackle climate change.
The Sussex Wildlife Trust has declared a Climate Emergency, which means we will do all we can to cut our carbon emissions to Net Zero by 2030 and to ensure that the landscapes we are responsible for are as climate resilient as they can be.
We have measured our carbon baseline and are producing a Carbon Reduction Strategy and Action Plan that sets out clearly how we intend to get to Net Zero Carbon by 2030.
However, despite the scale of the challenge to achieve Net Zero Carbon, this alone will not be enough. We need to move beyond Net Zero and sequester (lock away) more CO2 than we are emitting if we are to avoid the tipping points that could lead to ‘runaway’ climate change. This is due to all the CO2 that has already been emitted, our so-called 'legacy emissions', which have locked in additional warming and sea level rise.