Wood Pigeon

25 November 2019 | Posted in Charlotte Owen , Birds
Wood Pigeon
© Roger Wilmshurst

By Charlotte Owen

WildCall Officer 

They’re big, they’re loud and they’re everywhere – but most of us wouldn’t give a wood pigeon a second glance.  They’ll occasionally trick us into thinking we’ve seen something interesting taking off in the distance - but no, it’s just a pigeon, and our attention soon flits elsewhere in search of a bird less ordinary.  But pigeons are far from boring, and even the commonest creatures have their secrets.

One of the best kept is the secret of baby pigeons, or squabs.  Wood pigeons can breed all year round and with more than 2.5 million breeding pairs in the UK there ought to be plenty of baby pigeons flapping about – but have you ever seen one?  Most young birds are fairly obvious, hopping after their parents with an extra-wide gape and distinctive juvenile plumage.  But wood pigeons are different.  They spend an extended period in their twiggy treetop nest, fed on high calorie crop milk secreted by their parents, as well as seeds, leaves and protein-rich invertebrates.  By the time they fledge they have a full set of adult feathers.  Well, almost.  The only feature they lack is the flashy white collar around the neck, which in adults is topped with a beautiful patch of shimmering turquoise, and this is the only way to tell them apart.

At this time of year, wood pigeons gather in flocks to forage on farmland, pasture, parks and gardens where they’ll feast on berries, often dangling upside down in pursuit of the juiciest fruit.  Most mouthfuls will be stored in their crop – an expandable throat pouch – to be digested overnight, and it’s said they can store an incredible 150 acorns, 200 beans or 1,000 grains of wheat.  Clearly someone has been paying attention to wood pigeons because we also know they feed at 70 pecks per minute in the morning, increasing to 100 pecks a minute as dusk descends.  But there is still at least one thing we don’t know.  Sometimes, vast flocks of up to 150,000 wood pigeons are seen along the coast in November, migrating to a mystery location.  Maybe one day we’ll discover their destination but for now, their secret is safe.    

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