Fungi town with the Lemon Disco

, 06 October 2021
Fungi town with the Lemon Disco
Fly agaric © Richard Cobden

By Charlotte Owen

WildCall Officer

As autumn sets in, it can seem like a quiet time for wildlife, but as the trees begin preparing for their winter sleep, the woodland floor is bursting into life of a different kind.

This season reveals a wonderful array of fantastic fungi, marvellous mushrooms and tremendous toadstools. Call them what you will, they can be found almost anywhere and are sprouting up in parks, gardens and lawns as well as woodlands and old pastures. They are neither plant nor animal but belong to kingdom all of their own, and there are more than 15,000 species of fungi in Britain. The sheer variety in shape, form and colour is astounding and if their intriguing appearance doesn’t lure you in, their names surely will: look out for the Birch Knight, Lemon Disco, Turkey Tail, Deer Shield, Blackening Brittlegill, Dead Man’s Fingers, Giant Puffballs and the classic red-and-white Fly Agaric.

Beefsteak fungus

Beefsteak Fungus © Clare Blencowe

Not all fungi are easy to identify by their looks alone and lots of them are near-impossible without close inspection under a microscope. Some species do offer helpful additional clues to their identity: the Garlic Parachute has an unmistakable aroma and the Beefsteak Fungus ‘bleeds’ when cut (pictured), while the Inkcaps all have gills that darken as they mature, eventually liquefying completely into a gooey black ink. This strange process is called deliquescence and is thought to aid spore dispersal. It can be remarkably quick, with an individual specimen melting away to nothing over the course of a single day. Young Inkcaps look like elongated eggs nestled among the grass and leaf litter but they mature into a bell shape that starts to darken and drip around the edges as the gills dissolve from the outside in. Once the process is complete, all that remains is a small black disc perched at the top of a pale stem, a ghost of its former self.  

Download Fungi Spotter Sheet


Leave a comment


  • Anthony Lloyd:

    Excellent aid to identifying fungi, thank you

    07 Oct 2021 11:28:00

  • Keith Evans:

    Fascinating. Thank you.

    07 Oct 2021 11:39:00

  • Paul Robards:

    Perfect timing, as I am just doing a Fungi Photographic Challenge in Broadwater Cemetery for October/November.

    07 Oct 2021 14:08:00

  • Julia Dance:

    Absolutely fascinating. Thank you

    07 Oct 2021 14:31:00

  • Emma:

    A great resource. Would be interesting to have details of where to find each and why they are important to their ecosystem.

    07 Oct 2021 14:37:00

  • Laurie McMillan:

    Wonderful, thank you very much!!

    07 Oct 2021 14:50:00

  • Ajaz Sheikh:

    Absolutely brilliant description & identifying points.

    07 Oct 2021 20:38:00

  • Elaine Foster:

    Fantastic!! Thank you. This is just what I need to help me identify fungi on my woodland walks

    09 Oct 2021 18:09:00

  • Lucy:

    Yesterdays walk revealed some jewel like fungi which captured the interest of my sons girlfriend, she was enthralled by the variety and names, folkloric beliefs and edibility, or not of them. She is a london based young person, so great to see her engage with nature. I have sent her the link to your great poster and she says it will adorn their fridge. Thank you.

    10 Oct 2021 07:35:00